Why Pendant Lighting Is A Must For Any House

History and introduction to pendant lighting fixture

Pendant lighting is comparatively a baby in respect to other type of lights in the same category starting from the Huge Chandeliers. Actually if history is right, Pendant lights came into existence just as a useful substitute but a less detailed version of Chandeliers with almost same features and functionality. In fact it derived its name from pendant, a jewelry accessory. Its typical history dates back to 2700 B.C. It started with hanging lamps of clay with light given by an animal fat burn which was the way Greeks devised. As time past, clay lamps were replaced by Glass. In the 80s, European pendants began to appear with exclusive use of glass designs as pendants with attractive shades.

The picture of the typical pendant light is a single fixture that hangs from the ceiling from a string or other kind of supporting device such as a metal rod. They are minuscule in detail as compare to the chandeliers and rather than having its lights exposed, the tip or the lower end employs types of shades which is for the same reason the fixture is described as the pendant light fixture. A pendant lighting fixture is also called a suspender or a drop and most often if single-hanging entities without the extra branches are used alone can give dramatic effect when two or three are used together suspended at varying heights. The light may be stripped to a bare bulb suspended from a cord, or housed in a decorative shade crafted from glass, resin, metal or fabric. During its earliest days, the pendant featured a crude type of blown glass shell, which eventually evolved into a huge style conscious make. Today, the variety of styles combined with customers demand has made pendant lights on par with other forms of lighting fixtures. A closer look around pendant lighting online store will surprise you with the extent to which this type of lighting has evolved.

The Why’s and What’s of Pendant Lighting

One of the crucial features of the pendant lights is its versatility. Pendants can often be found in living room, small foyers, kitchens, bathrooms and bedrooms and it can suit each space with equal ease. Pendants lights are much different from other types of lights and command the same respect as jewellery. They sparkle, enlighten, and soften a clean, austere environment. In actuality, pendant lights can be every bit as fancy as chandeliers, because one gets pendant lights studded with Swarovski crystals or dangling gemstones. One of the other most important benefits of pendant lights is it never needs re modifications of your existing space like drilling a hole in the ceiling as the case with recessed lights or hammering your walls for those classic wall scones. This drastically reduces the installation time along with peace of mind and yes, brings down your lighting investment. Pendant lighting fixtures do not have the grand scale of a tiered chandelier and are ideal when space and cost is a concern. Wherever space is an issue, mini-pendants can be hung from above, effectively freeing up space in the room for furniture and other things.

They are stylish, have a simple elegance, are functional and provide illumination in hard to light areas. Mini-pendants typically serve as task lights which define the work surface of a kitchen island or bar. Pendants can also be used to spice-up a room or to instigate authentic schemes. When hung in multiple, either multiple pendant fixtures or single pendant fixtures lined up in line, they can effectively set that evening calming mood. Another classic benefit of pendant lights is its wide options available in the market. It could be chosen for their varieties in different form, colour, pattern and texture and prices. Pendants are an eye catcher in it’s not something you want to cut corners on when considering a purchase. There are tons of styles and configurations available today and with a little persistence, you can find just the right fixture for both your décor and your budget. An inexpensive pendant gives you what you pay for and if it wears out, replacing it can be a chore that you won’t relish. A single pendant design fixture can cost very less to a five pendant traditional light costing bit more to the more traditional shade five pendant lights costing higher.

Pre- Shopping guide for Pendant lighting fixture

First thing to look before going on shopping for pendant lights will be to know what will be its function and which part of your home will need them. Pendant fixtures are normally used for general or task lighting. Pendants can be used as stand alone lighting for a particular area or can be used in combination with other lighting fixtures, particularly in larger areas. Narrow areas that need lighting are ideal candidates for a single low pendant light. Considering the pendant size, they can range in size from two inches, to a multiple pendant fixtures that is 22 to 48 inches in diameter ideally suited to brighten from small task area in a kitchen to a bigger hallway. For example, for a pendant installed over a dining table, possibly choose a pendant no larger in diameter than half the width of the table. For an entry foyer, add the width and length dimensions of the foyer together and the calculated total equal the maximum pendant diameter. Nowadays pendant lights comes in varied styles and colours right from single glass pendant light fixture to 5 pendant traditional light to a 8 pendant lamp shaded traditional light fixture. Whatever style and colour you choose, decide whether you want to blend with the décor or want to make it a focal point. After looking at these aspects, the most important thing to look next is you’re lighting especially your pendant lighting budget. Luckily, today there are lots of style choices and hopefully you will find a suitable pendant lighting fixture that will respect your budget. Whatever budget you have decided, make sure it doesn’t compromise the quality which resides in the many details of pendant lighting fixtures. Quality in pendant lighting fixtures means authenticity in design details and fine craftsmanship. See to it that finishes are both durable and handsome. High quality finishes on pendant lighting increase durability and resist tarnishing. Brushed metal finishes and painted finishes have gained popularity and are top sellers today. To understand these entire factors better, possibly consult the light shop’s customer service department. A good store will have some lighting experts who will guide you in selecting needed pendant fixtures with in your budget and may also advice complimenting wall scones and other lighting fixtures.

We at For your Home really feel reading the above information, you will atleast check one pendant lighting fixtures today.

From Bank Clerk to Entreprenuer

What seems like a century ago, I left school and joined a well-known High Street Bank. In those days working as a bank clerk was a well-established route for many school leavers and perceived to be a proper job with prospects. It wasn’t long before I became disillusioned with the world of banking and sought a change of job. In complete contrast to my previous job, I became a clerk in the local hospital dealing with the injured and infirm, but it was a role that I found strangely interesting and rewarding. In today’s parlance, it is known as job satisfaction.

My career progressed rapidly and after working in a number of different departments I became Admissions Officer of a major regional hospital where I soon gained valuable front line experience. There is nothing more conducive to honing your powers of communication, persuasion, resilience and empathy than dealing with people when they are at their most vulnerable. Working in an Accident and Emergency Department definitely puts one’s life completely into perspective and is like being part of a TV medical soap opera.

My career came to halt when I met my husband and moved away from the area. I have to admit that back in the early 70’s marrying and having the obligatory 2.4 children was still the acceptable norm, although liberation for women was gathering pace. Being a conservative soul, I slipped into the mainstream and before I knew it I was the wife of a career man and the mother of two children living in a three-bed semi. Returning to work was not a consideration and this proved to be a sensible decision as my husband was posted to four different locations throughout the UK in the space of 6 years.

At the end of this period, the children were at school, our relocation days were over and we were finally able to establish some roots and settle down as a family. It was time to start considering my own needs and to plan a return to the mainstream work environment. This was not an easy thing to do after almost seven years of raising a family, but I plucked up courage and found myself back in the health care sector as a part time receptionist at my local doctor’s surgery, a role that I found very satisfying. My confidence increased and my job gave me a focus outside of my immediate family. I regained some independence, earned my own money and met a new circle of friends. At last I had an opportunity to talk about something other than children and I felt that the old grey matter was once again being stimulated!

After a while, the novelty of working in a doctor’s surgery wore off and I felt that I needed a fresh challenge. At the same time my husband also felt that he had had enough of corporate life and wanted to do something completely different. For a couple that had had a very structured life, the crossroads seemed to be particularly difficult to negotiate. After two years had passed and a couple of false starts, I decided that I wanted to pursue my own business interest with a little bit of help from my husband. He had pursued a portfolio career and had the time and expertise to help me develop my plans and make sure that I was on the right tracks.

The idea was quite simple and was borne out of my own frustration of finding quality lighting products locally for the home. Although we didn’t live in an isolated area, we still had to travel at least forty miles to find a lighting outlet that sold, what I considered to be, quality lighting. Upon further investigation, I found that there are many areas in the UK that are not well served with lighting shops and therefore I felt that there must be an opportunity to fill this gap in the market.

Once this need had been identified, the next problem was where to start. Opening my own shop was an option, but the economics of doing so were really not that attractive. Lighting is space hungry and the overheads associated with running a shop can be phenomenal. The other drawback was that whilst one shop would satisfy a few people, it didn’t really address the fundamental issue of providing a wide range of quality of lighting to as many people as possible as conveniently as possible. The answer lay on the Internet and via a mail order system, where people would not be bound by geographical or time constraints.

As the concept developed, I managed to enlist the cooperation of a couple of lighting manufacturers. This was not easy, since there are few suppliers who are prepared to take time to listen to your idea, let alone help you when you are not able to offer them any tangible evidence that you can deliver in any way, shape or form. Having secured the supply of products with David Hunt Lighting and Le Dauphin Lighting, I needed to find out how to set up a website and develop a mail order catalogue. I actually began by looking for an accountant, which is testimony to my optimism about the business empire that I was planning to build over the coming years! Within two meetings I had been introduced to a web designer and a marketing company, both of which were based locally.

The brakes were off and before long I was immersed in a completely new world. After months of contemplation and planning, The Light Company (Direct) Ltd was formed and was rapidly taking shape. It was a further six months until all the pieces of the jigsaw came together and, on the 19 January 2004, the website was launched and the mail order catalogues delivered.

As with many new business ventures, the early days are the most difficult and I am spending all of my time exploring ways in which I can make people aware of the extensive range of contemporary and classical decorative lighting that is on offer. I have already decided to open a showroom that will double up as my office design studio and mail order room. Although compact, the showroom will be far more suitable than the lock up on an industrial estate that I am currently using. It is a leap of faith, but having come this far, it is one that I feel has to be taken.

It is certainly a long way from the Accident and Emergency Department. I have swapped a career in the NHS to become an entrepreneur, even though I do not believe that I have the archetypical qualities of such. I am still nervous about taking risks and I still worry about what the future may hold, but my course is set and there is no backtracking.

Although completely unconnected, my years working in the health sector have proved to be useful particularly in dealing with customers and suppliers. It seems that good communication, combined with the ability to deal positively with people who are demanding across a whole spectrum of issues and events, are distinct attributes irrespective of your industry sector. In a perverse sort of way, this is the aspect of the business that turns me on and which fuels my enthusiasm to succeed.

Health and Advanced Physiotherapy

Healthy living is a combination of many things, including good nutrition, regular exercise and a positive attitude. Taking care of your body and feeling pride in your accomplishments can improve both your physical and mental health. There are many things you can do to improve your quality of life. No matter how small you start, you can make a big change and an improvement in your life.

In accordance to the present time and needs, a health care giver is an individual or an institution that provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to individuals, families or communities. To forsee, Allied Health Professions are clinical health care professions distinct from medicine, dentistry, and nursing which are making up 60 percent of the total health workforce. They work in health care teams to make the health care system function by providing a range of diagnostic, technical, therapeutic and direct patient care and support services that are critical to the other health professionals they work with and the patients they serve.

Physiotherapy alias physical therapy is considered as one of the fastest growing allied areas of present generation medicine. Being an important rehabilitative service needed in a community and a vital therapeutic supplement of the medical profession, it’s the treatment of diseases and disabilities using physical exercises, heat radiations, cold therapy, hydrotherapy, acupuncture and therapeutic massage. It is a health care specialty concerned with evaluating, diagnosing and treating disorders of the body to restore maximal functional independence for the patient by enhancing their ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent any or further disability.

As doctors, physiotherapists or physical therapists are essential in helping the patient to recover and rehabilitate from a state of incapacity, due to genetic defect or the result of an accident or an illness. They must have a thorough knowledge of the human anatomy and the way the bones, muscles and nerves move and function. Physiotherapists treat a wide range of ailments, so specialization is possible in areas such as pediatrics, geriatrics, integumentary, orthopedics, sports physical therapy, neurology, vestibular, women’s health, clinical electrophysiology and, cardio-vascular and pulmonary therapy. Functional movement is central to what it means to be healthy. They can practice in outpatient clinics, inpatient rehabilitation trainings, private homes, education and research centers, schools, hospitals, industrial workplaces, occupational environments, fitness centers, sports training facilities, health policy, health care administration and as health care executives and medical-legal field experts.

This therapy is the interaction between physical therapist, patients/clients, other health professionals, families, care givers, and communities using knowledge and skills unique to physical therapists. Physical therapy or PT management includes prescription of or assistance with specific exercises, manual therapy, education, manipulation and other mentioned interventions.

In order to work as a physical therapist, one must first graduate from a physical therapy educational program with a Master or Doctorate degree. Coursework includes biology, chemistry, and physics, biomechanics, anatomy, neurology, human growth and development, manifestations of disease, examination techniques, therapeutic procedures and clinical sciences (e.g., content about the cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, metabolic, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, integumentary, musculoskeletal, and neuromuscular systems and the medical and surgical conditions frequently seen by physical therapists). In order to practice, graduates from physical therapy programs must pass international, national and state licensing exams. In order to retain their licenses, many states require PTs to take continuing education classes and workshops. A good physiotherapist should be familiar with the standard concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field and should rely on experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. Capability to perform a variety of tasks and certain degree of creativity and latitude is also required. The median expected salary for a typical physical therapist holding a masters degree in the United States is $74,336.

On a typical day a physical therapist -examines patients’ medical histories, tests and measures the patients’ strength, range of motion, balance and coordination, posture, performance, respiration, sensory and motor function, determine patients’ ability to be independent and reintegrate into the community or workplace after injury or illness and develop treatment plans describing a treatment strategy, its purpose, and its anticipated outcome.

Historically, Hippocrates and later Galenus are believed to have been the first practitioners of physical therapy, advocating massage, manual therapy techniques and hydrotherapy to treat people in 460 B.C. The earliest documented origins of actual physical therapy as a profession date back to Per Henrik Ling, “Father of Swedish Gymnastics,” who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813.In 1887, PTs were given official registration by Sweden’s National Board of Health and Welfare. Modern physical therapy was established in Britain towards the end of the 19th century. The first school of physical therapy was established at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington D.C. following the outbreak of World War I. In 1974, the International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Physical Therapists was formed,which plays an important role in advancing manual therapy worldwide.

The speciality and common treatments of the profession include, Cardiovascular & Pulmonary (cystic fibrosis, heart attacks, post coronary bypass surgery, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis), Clinical Electrophysiology(EMG/NCV), Geriatric (arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, incontinence), Integumentary (conditions involving the skin and related organs), Neurological (Alzheimer’s disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, and stroke and common impairments including impairments of vision, balance, ambulation, activities of daily living, movement, muscle strength and loss of functional independence), Orthopedic (post-operative orthopedic procedures, fractures, acute sports injuries, arthritis, sprains, strains, back and neck pain, spinal conditions and amputations), Vestibular (vertigo, disequilibrium, mobility and balance disturbances),Pediatric (developmental delays, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, torticollis may be treated), Sports (athletic injury management, including acute care, treatment and rehabilitation, prevention, and education), Women’s health (issues related to child birth, post partum, lymph edema, osteoporosis, pelvic pain, prenatal and post partum periods and urinary incontinence).

It is a vast field of exploration and gradually, physiotherapy is achieving a non conservative approach as an important human health and rehabilitative resource and holds a tremendous scope for quality. What all it lacks is the awareness.

Do All Rehab Clinics and Chiropractors Offer the Same Treatment?

Chiropractors are generally perceived by the public as back pain experts. The fallacy is that although all chiropractors treat back pain not all chiropractors manage specific back pain conditions. In other words, some chiropractors may not treat a disc herniation or spinal stenosis (which involves damage to spinal joints, nerve tissue, disc tissue, reaction of muscle tone, change in posture, loss of strength and conditioning, change in nerve conduction and alteration in brain, psychological and behavioral response) but only manage an aspect of the pain. This is because some chiropractors only focus on removing what is termed spinal “subluxations” which is essentially areas of the spine that are fixed or immobile causing pain and stiffness. In spite of the fact that delivery of a spinal adjustment can help restore spinal joint movement which can reduce some level of pain, this may not be adequate in fully managing your spinal condition or injury. The same is true about a massage therapist delivering massage to a tense muscle tissue or a physiotherapist prescribing only strengthening exercise or only using ultrasound therapy or a family physician only prescribing pain relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs. Rehab clinics that offer multiple therapies under one roof may not mean you will be receiving coordinated and comprehensive spine care that is targeted to your condition.

Treatment of Back Pain and Spine Related Disorders:

A variety of providers have traditionally been involved in the treatment of back pain and spine related disorders. This includes family physicians, chiropractors, physiotherapists, massage therapists, physiatrists, orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, kinesiologists, acupuncturists and even personal trainers. This has resulted in what some have termed a “supermarket approach” where the patient or “consumer of healthcare” is left to sort out which of these approaches is best for his or her particular spinal or spinal related condition. Unfortunately, a patient’s selection will be based on salesmanship rather than on science, cost effectiveness and clinical benefit.

The Challenge with Back Pain

Back pain is a common problem and affects 80% of the population at least once in a lifetime. There are hundreds of causes of back pain, from simple sprain/strains to spinal disc herniations, arthritis, fractures or even cancer. Diagnosis of your back pain condition requires a comprehensive examination sometimes followed with advanced imaging, like CT scans and MRIs. In some cases back pain is considered benign and self- limiting, meaning it will resolve without therapy over a course of a few days. This is typically seen in most cases of minor spinal sprain/strains caused by postural stresses. Your back or neck may feel stiff and achy from sitting too long at your desk or you may wake up with pain from improper sleeping postures. In these cases, stretching, hot baths and spinal stabilization exercises may be enough to assist with your recovery.

Back pain, however, may also result from more severe injury to joint tissue, disc tissue, muscle, bone or may be a cumulative effect of multiple injuries, dysfunctions and disease. Back pain may also be a consequence of referred pain from an internal organ such as the digestive tract, pancreas or gall bladder or may be a co-morbidity associated with another illness (most commonly depression, anxiety, diabetes, heart disease and obesity). In fact, back pain is now considered by the World Health Organization as a “chronic disease” because of its complex nature and the huge impact it has on our health, productivity, our economy and quality of our life.

Chronic back pain, as most chronic diseases, require a comprehensive treatment strategy and will not resolve with simple physiotherapy. Research supports the importance of planning and coordinating your treatment plan with a team of healthcare providers to achieve better outcomes

Back pain conditions have features that differentiate them from other health conditions. For example, diagnosis is challenging in many causes of back pain particularly when there is no lesion or injury detected by MRI, x-ray imaging or special tests. In many cases a lesion or injury like a disc herniation for example may not even be the cause of back pain. Additionally, most cases of back pain are multi-factorial, meaning back pain may involve many factors including psychological, social and neuropsychological factors. Management of back pain thus requires a high level of expertise that can respond to these multiple challenges. This high level of expertise necessitates an experienced spine care provider who can offer a clear diagnosis for your condition and provide a treatment strategy to directly address your condition. For instance for many back conditions, i.e. disc herniations and spinal stenosis, it is not enough for a health care provider to provide one intervention repeatedly like acupuncture, spinal manipulation or massage therapy. These interventions will only address a small component of the problem and therefore only offer temporary pain relief. Your condition may require a thought out plan that includes sessions of varying interventions or interventions from multiple experts for a particular period of time.

Look for a Spine Care Provider with the Following Necessary Skills:

• skills in diagnosis 
• skills in the management of different patient populations 
• wide range understanding of complex nature of spinal pain with psychological factors 
• ability to detect and manage psychological factors 
• appreciation in minimalism of treatment in spine care 
• an understanding of the methods, techniques and indications of medical and surgical procedures 
• a unique understanding of work related spinal disorders 
• a unique understanding of motor vehicle accident related spinal disorders and injuries 
• public health perspective and co-morbidity relationship with diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dementia and depression 
• the ability to coordinate the efforts of a variety of providers; case management 
• the ability to follow patients over the long term to monitor and treat re-occurrence and educate patients in self-management 
• the ability to performance manage and assess outcome measures

The research is clear that some cases of back pain tend to reoccur and persist if a comprehensive solution is not delivered by expert in spine care. Due to its complex nature, a comprehensive approach is recommended to effectively manage back pain including emphasis on pain management; patient education, regeneration and repair; lifestyle modification, psychological factors and functional rehabilitation. This approach ensures long lasting restorative effects with fewer treatment visits and less overall costs.

Why Is Bioflow The Best Magnetic Therapy?

I am unashamedly a fan of the Bioflow system of magnotherapy. It works, it’s got medical evidence to back it up, and it uses the principles of the reliable, proven electrical magnotherapy equipment in hospitals and physiotherapy clinics . So what makes Bioflow different from the hundreds of other kinds of magnetic therapy devices on the market? I’ll come to that, but first you need to know about a couple of things.

Hospitals Offer Great Therapy

First, let me say that the kind of treatment you’ll get in the physio department of a hospital or in a clinic is the model to follow. There are at least eight different kinds of plug-in machine, some of them combining magnetic therapy with other treatments. All of these machines use two principles which make them successful:

  1. A HUGE magnetic field, far in excess of the magnetic field strength (flux) in almost all appliances you can buy.
  2. A system to rapidly change the magnetic pole you’re near between north and south – usually called pole switching or flux pulsing.

In hundreds of medical trials and comparisons, it’s these two features which have proven consistently successful in providing pain relief, relieving sore areas after physiotherapy and encouraging wound healing.

What Your Regular Bangle Does

Stuff you can wear is very different. Almost all magnetic bangles and other appliances have two features: they use between two and twenty tiny magnets (up to 1000 for mattresses); and they place the north pole against your skin over the area to be treated. So does this make the hospital equipment wrong? Hardly likely, as this electronic magnotherapy is PROVEN to work. And in several hundred medical trials, appliances like bangles and straps have only been shown to work a few cases – the exact opposite of the machines in clinics.

Better appliances – in fact, nearly all, today – use neodymium magnets. But very few of them even come near the power of the hospital machines: the magnets are far too small to generate enough flux. In fact, I’ve worked out that you’d need 80 to 100 of the typical neodymium magnets in bangles to give the same flux, and they’d all need to be clustered in a small area.

You’ll notice, too, that the ‘flux changing’ of the medical machines is almost always absent. The conclusion – borne out in medical trials – is that useful therapy needs far more power than most stuff has, and the flux changing really is important.

Finally, there’s the cheating (or ignorance?) that a lot of retailers indulge in when they’re telling you how powerful their bangle or appliance is. You see, there are several ways of describing magnetic flux, so… (I don’t have to go on, do I?) Maybe I do.

  • Neodymium magnets can be described, first, by the ‘core strength’ of the material – the magnets come in several grades. However big and powerful or small and weak the magnet, its core strength in gauss remains the same. So if the magnets are tiny, this figure is used.
  • Second is the flux (magnetic field strength) at the surface of the magnet, and this is most often quoted for big magnets, when the gauss number is higher than for the core strength.
  • And third is the flux at your skin. Even the thickness of plating or a plastic cover needs to be taken into account, because flux drops dramatically as you move away from the magnet. This is the key figure, but it’s rarely quoted except maybe when they’re comparing a rival’s skin flux to their own core strength – naughty!

So it’s almost impossible to tell how powerful a magnet is from quoted figures. The only useful test is to see what force the magnet pulls at that point, and this is how testing equipment works.

You can do it yourself – use a bunch of keys (the ring is steel) and see how it pulls, or a recent UK copper coin (which has some iron in it), and compare one magnet with another. For example, a typical bracelet magnet won’t even lift one penny, whereas a magnet of useful flux will hold up a chain of four pennies (each coin at least doubles the power needed) and be maybe 30 times as powerful. Both have the same core flux, usually about 1800 gauss, that the sellers quote.

And that brings us to Bioflow.

The Bioflow Advantage

Unique among therapy systems, Bioflow mimics the hospital equipment by using both large, high power neodymium magnets and flux changing. The maker, Ecoflow plc, discovered flux changing for fuel economisers and patented it, before finding that it also applied to therapy. This led to Bioflow being designed for use on the wrist.

The usual configuration is to have the main unit over a pulse, where it delivers the therapy to the whole body through your blood. The unit is about 30 times the power of a typical bangle magnet, so it has twice the pull of about 15 magnets in a good multi-link bracelet; but more important, it has the flux-changing principle (which is also patented for therapy) that has been shown in trials to be much more effective than north-pole-to-the-wrist.

When Staying At Home Is No Longer An Option

Let’s call it like it is- most people don’t like to move and most older individuals certainly do not want to leave the family home and move into an assisted living environment. There are of course many reasons that make a move so difficult, not least of which, is the overwhelming thought of emptying cupboards, basements and bedrooms. When the ‘home’ is no longer safe- is usually the determining factor of when a move should be made. But sometimes it is hard to determine when a move to a higher level of care is appropriate. For older couples it is sometimes advisable to plan a move while the couple is still well enough to adjust to a new setting. However many will only consider a move after a spouse dies.

Once it has been decided that a move is necessary, there are several options to consider. Most seniors strongly resist moving into an “old folk’s home” for fear of the negative images they hold. There are several options available in today’s marketplace including: condominiums, life lease apartments, senior’s apartment buildings, supportive housing, retirement residences, and long term care facilities. An open discussion about what the senior would like and their current and future care needs is a great place to start.

When making a decision about a move, it is important to remember that each living arrangement has benefits and drawbacks. A condominium might be a good fit for someone who is finding the outside maintenance of their home to be a challenge and who wants to maintain complete independence- as no services are typically offered. Many have a doorman or concierge who can provide some level of security and assistance. These buildings also can allow the senior to stay in a community of people of varying ages. Seniors living in condominiums still need to prepare their own meals and take care of their own household chores. Perhaps the largest drawback to this type of move is that it is likely that the senior will have to move again as their care needs increase, unless there is space and interest in hiring private home support assistance and/or a live in caregiver.

A senior’s apartment building is a rental option for seniors who, much like those who purchase condominiums, find outside maintenance of their homes to be difficult to manage but in every other way would like to maintain complete independence. These apartment buildings have an age requirement and do not allow children or younger families to rent. Seniors who chose a facility like this to call home may find that they meet more people who share similar interests and activities. Like the condominium, however, the largest drawback to this type of facility is the need to move again to higher levels of care when health begins to decline and the need for assistance with tasks of daily living increase unless there is space and interest in hiring private home support assistance and/or a live in caregiver.

Supportive housing provides affordable housing designed to help seniors re-establish connections to the community. The housing is linked to voluntary and flexible support services designed to meet the seniors’ needs and preferences. It is designed for people who only need minimal to moderate care, such as homemaking or personal care and support, to live independently. The level of support may vary, and some support services are provided by on-site staff, while in other instances may be delivered on an outreach basis. This may include adult day programs or medical/physiotherapy clinics coming into the apartment building. Staff working in these facilities try to help seniors in their building get linked into other services offered out in their community, such as senior’s centres. These staff, however are not medically trained, some are Personal Support Workers (PSW’s) while others have certifications in recreation planning. In many facilities, no one is on staff during the night in case of emergency. Supportive housing buildings are owned and operated by municipal governments or non-profit groups including faith groups, seniors’ organizations, service clubs, and cultural groups. Accommodations, on-site services, costs, and the availability of government subsidies vary with each building.

Accommodation costs are based on market rent for similar apartments. Seniors wishing to live in this environment need not have a certain income level however subsidies are available for seniors with limited financial means. If eligible, the government may subsidize the rent so that the senior only pays up to 30% of their household’s monthly income. To be eligible for a rent subsidy, the senior must be a Canadian citizen, landed immigrant or refugee claimant. If they own their home they are obliged to sell it within six months of moving into supportive housing. Local governments may set additional eligibility requirements for rent subsidies. There is usually a waiting list for subsidized units. Seniors may have to pay an additional fee for optional services such as transportation, recreational outings or hairdressing.

To find out what the further eligibility requirements for subsidy are for your province, and to find out where there is a supportive housing unit in your area, contact your local CCAC or Community Care Association who have application information as well as a listing of all supportive housing locations in the area.

A retirement residence is another option. Many are geared to modestly well and independent seniors. These rental facilities, can range in price and service delivery. Many offer dining room settings, pools, exercise rooms, supervised outings and bus services. Units can include a bachelor, one or two bedrooms and some have kitchenettes that allow residents to opt in or out of some of the meals. These retirement residences have the benefit of having staff (typically Personal Support Workers) available to residents as well as nursing and recreation planning staff. This provides the senior and their family a feeling of security in knowing that there is always someone close by in case of emergency. These facilities often become a community unto themselves, with meals offered and activities and events pre-organized by the staff. Many even have visiting physicians and other health practitioners and can arrange for medications to be delivered right to the resident’s door.

Within many retirement communities varying levels of assistance for personal care are available (assisted living) and can be purchased as needed for an additional fee. These programs are offered as a means to help seniors ‘age in place’ so another move will not be necessary. Additional levels of care may be referred to as ‘assisted living’ which includes some hands on assistance from a Personal Support Worker for bathing and/or dressing and may include medication monitoring. If the individual requires more assistance during the day and evening, or are dealing with significant cognitive issues that result in the need for full time supervision or a secured floor, while some facilities may be able to accommodate others would deem them ready to move to long term care or to require extra help from private service providers.

A life lease apartment is much like a condo – but includes access to all the services of the retirement home. These facilities may be within a retirement residence or a separate facility. The benefit to these types of apartments is that the resident maintains a bit of equity -they own their apartment and when they pass away, the money from the sale of the apartment will act as an inheritance or be available to pay off any remaining debt. If a retirement residence has life lease suites along with apartments, assisted living programs and long term care, the senior could move once and not need to move to another facility. Rather, they would move within the facility as the need arose for higher care levels.

One of the major drawbacks to moving to a retirement setting is the need to adjust to a communal setting. In these facilities there is a set menu, a set meal time and bus trips and outings are set according to a pre planned schedule. It can also be a shock for a senior first moving into one of these facilities to see “all the old people”. Discussing what to expect and getting tours of possible residences will help make the decision as to whether the facility will be a right fit. Some locations will offer trial stays so that seniors can see what daily life will be like, get to taste the food and meet other people who live there. Respite and convalescent care is also offered in many retirement residences and may be another good way to introduce an alternate setting.

A long term care facility is available for those who require more assistance than what is offered by the retirement residence. These facilities are funded by the government so that no person who requires this level of care will be turned away for lack of funds.

These facilities have 24 hour nursing care and residents receive help with all activities of daily living- eating, dressing, bathing, grooming, as well as having provision for laundry and housekeeping.

In the Province of Ontario, long term care facility admission is accessed through the Community Care Access Centre (CCAC). The CCAC will send a case manager to your home to help you to select 3 facilities that you would be willing to move to, in order of preference. Much like Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Quebec and Prince Edward Island have agencies (Home and Community Care Services, Community Care Access Capital Health, “Centres locaux de services communautaires”(CLSC) (Local Community Services Centre in English) and Home Care Office respectively) through whom residents of the Province access admission to long term care. These government agencies assess applicants for eligibility, assist with completing applications, monitor the waiting lists, and advise residents of their admittance to a particular home. Initial contact with any of these agencies can be completed by either the senior themselves or a family member. To ensure that you make an informed choice, it is always good to book a tour of each facility, enjoy a lunch and speak with other residents and family members prior to making any decisions on your application.

If you are still unsure of what setting would be right for your parent, a Geriatric Care Manager can help assess your parent’s care needs and can assist with outlining the various local options available. They can help the senior to make a decision that will optimize their health and lifestyle for the immediate and long term.

10 Things Physio’s Wish You Would And Would Not Do

Physio’s are kind and caring people who really help patients getting better. Physiotherapy we have put together a list of our top 10 things we would really love you to know that will help you get better much quicker or prevent injuries occurring in the first place.

1. Home Exercise Program or practice

Physiotherapy is not all about the hands on treatment you receive while you are in the clinic with us. 99% of the time we will prescribe you a home exercise program which should be performed at home each day. Most of patient’s progress will come from doing homework and taking advice from physiotherapist. People may spend 1-2 hrs with us in the clinic but it’s what they do for the rest of the day that makes the most difference.

2. Don’t live with your pain before it gets late

As a general rule the longer you are in pain, the harder it is to get rid of. So, “pain that lasts more than 2-3 days requires to be seen by a physiotherapist as soon as possible”. The problem with leaving pain to go for many weeks or months is that you will likely start to move differently and use non-optimal strategies. This can change the motor pattern in the brain making you more set in your dysfunctional ways and may also lead to injuries in other areas.

3. Film or photograph your exercises

A common reason for poor compliance to a home exercise program is “I forgot how to do them”. OK, fair call, we all have a lot on our plate and trying to remember new exercises and the correct technique can be a bit difficult. With today’s technology all phones have a video or camera,that means no excuses. Ask your physiotherapist to film you doing the exercises so you can re-watch this when you get home and need to do your program.

4. Keep your body active

Participating in exercise and physical activity is important for your overall health and well being. In today’s society, where a lot of time is spent sitting, you need to break up this sedentary time to avoid injury associated with prolonged postures and lack of weight bearing. The benefits of exercise are well known, yet many people still neglect to fit 30 minutes of activity into their day. Exercise is a great preventative measure that you can take to protect against disease and should not be ignored no matter your age.

5. Do be very aware of your posture

With the rise in the number of desk workers we tend to see an increasing amount of postural related back and neck pain. This is mostly related to poor desk setup, prolonged sitting (8 hours/day), poor awareness of body position or gradual postural changes over time. Many postural disorders are avoidable through adopting good postural practices, using a standing desk where available, checking your work station setup and breaking up your sedentary time with exercise.

This isn’t all about desk workers though! People in manual jobs also need to watch how they lift and move throughout the day to avoid injury. We frequently see tradies with bad backs which is usually due to poor habits and technique at work over a prolonged time.

6. Control your weight

Being overweight or obese places greater stress on the joints of the body. This can result in increased osteoarthritis, cartilage wear, reduced aerobic capacity and many other health concerns. For many people in this population group their back or knee pain would be significantly reduced through a modest weight loss of 10-15Kg, although in some cases the end goal may be a 20-30Kg loss. Some people find it really difficult to lose weight be that due to poor motivation, lack of time, lack of knowledge etc. You are more likely to stick to a weight loss goal if you seek the support of family and friends and ask qualified health professionals for advice.

7. Avoid searching your cause of pain on internet

It can be tempting to Google your pain or injury in an attempt to diagnose what is going on.. However, after asking a few questions this was self-diagnosed because it fit the bill from Google. In some cases people have been right however in other cases they have not been, resulting in heighten anxiety and fear associated with pain. The best idea is to see your physiotherapist and have it diagnosed. You can then and ask for advice on where you can read more about your injury.

8. Stretch it out/ exercise

Balancing your physical activity, exercise and prolonged postures with stretching is really important for maintaining the correct length relationships between the muscles. Muscles can become tight and shortened which may reduce the efficiency of movement and contribute to injury. For example tight hamstrings or hip flex or muscles can lead to low back pain. We would recommend taking 10-15 minutes every couple of days to undertake some stretching of the main muscle groups.

9. Invest in good quality sports equipment and shoes

If you are going to participate in sport and physical activity you need to buy good quality protective equipment specific to your sport and needs. You only have one body and most parts are irreplaceable. Footwear is another important consideration.

10. Keep moving if you have lower back pain

If you have low back pain please walk.This is an old school way of thinking but much more evidence these days shows keeping mobile will provide better outcomes. If you are in severe pain (unable to move, extreme back spasms) then a trip to the hospital may be needed. However, if you are still able to get around but are in moderate amounts of pain then you should see your physiotherapist ASAP. It is recommended back pain patients should not sit more than 20-30 minutes at one time, keep mobile, use a heat pack for pain relief as needed.

Is It Worth Bringing a Claim?

One of the most common questions raised when you consider bringing a claim for compensation is “will it be worth it?” It is commonly known that bringing a claim is a long, laborious and stressful process. It is not something that should be taken on lightly. Even if your legal team do the majority of the heavy lifting for you, you will still need to be involved and you will need to be able to commit to the case. Therefore, it is not uncommon for many people to want to know if the hard work and the potential stress involved will be worth it.

To answer this question firstly your legal professional will need to know what your idea of worth is. For some a claim will be worth it if you can have your day in Court, stand up in front of a judge and say, “these people did me wrong, they were negligent,” to have a judge agree with you and confirm that you have won your case is enough for some. But for others the financial outcome of the case is what makes it worth it, will the claim, if won, provide enough compensation to make the work involved worthwhile.

The majority of clients tend to fall in the middle of these two, the fact that they feel they have been treated negligently and want to prevent that treatment from happening to someone else is a large part of their motivation, however the financial aspect is also present and needs to be sufficient enough to make the work involved worthwhile.

Sadly, it is almost impossible for any legal professional to answer either of these questions. There is no guarantee that you will win your claim just because a firm has taken it on. Things happen in cases that make weak claims much stronger and strong claims much weaker and these events can happen at any point in the claim. Just because your legal profession says you have a 70% chance of winning at the beginning of your claim does not mean that on the day of the trial you will still have a 70% chance of winning, you might only have 50% or you might have 80% circumstances change regularly.

It is also almost impossible to give a valuation of a claim right at the beginning. This is because your legal professional will need to break down your compensation into what is known as General Damages and Special Damages. General Damages being the compensation for pain, suffering, loss of amenity and Special Damages being the monetary loss. The money you have had to spend because of your injury that you would not have had to pay otherwise. For example, pain killers you had to purchase, time spent by friends and family in helping you that they would not have done if you had not been injured.

So to provide a proper value your legal professional will need to know all of your financial losses incurred because of the negligence, as well as have a detailed medical report from an independent medical expert to value the pan and suffering part of your injury.

Once your claim has reached the point where you have provided your legal professional with all of the information as to your financial losses and you have been examined by an independent medical expert then a financial value can be placed on your claim/

To calculate your general damages your legal professional will review and analyses your medical report which details your injury, your treatment and your symptoms. The report may also hazard a guess at when your symptoms will resolve or plateau. Once your legal professional has that information they turn to a publication called the Judicial Studies Board Guidelines which list various injuries and give a bracket of value. For example Wrist Injuries, Bracket a) Injuries resulting in complete loss of function in the wrist. Deformity may increase the award depending on severity are worth between £35,000 – £72,500.00

Once your legal professional has a bracket, they will then look at previous case law. They will be looking for cases where someone suffered an injury similar to your and had a similar recovery period. The mechanics of the case does not matter. So if you suffered a broken wrist in a car accident that healed fully after six months, your solicitor wouldn’t be looking for someone who suffered a broken wrist in a car crash. They will be looking for a case where someone suffered a broken wrist that healed fully after six months. Once a few cases have been found with similar injuries and recovery times inflation will be added and you will have a figure!

Unfortunately just because your legal professional says your claim is work £5,000.00 does not mean you will receive £5,000.00 at the end of the day. Negotiation will cause the figure to change, if you settle before trial you will usually be advised to accept a slightly lower figure as you are removing the risk of attending trial. If you win at trial it will be up to the Judge to award you compensation.

With regard to Special Damages, these are paid to cover all the costs you incurred as a result of your injury, they are essentially refunding/reimbursing you.

There are a lot of various expenses that can be reclaimed such as:

  • Travel costs for medical appointments and treatments such as Physiotherapy
  • Loss of earnings
  • Time spent by friends and family helping you do tasks that you would normally do yourself.
  • Medicines either prescribed or not

Tip: Keep your receipts! I cannot stress this enough. You will be asked to prove your loss, and you will struggle to do that without receipts.

In conclusion, it is up to you to decide what your claim is worth to you. Compensation is broken into two headings General and Special. General is the payment received for your injury and Special is the compensation received for any financial loss you have suffered. The two headings are then added together giving a figure to start negotiations.